‘A man of peculiar gentleness, the shyest man I ever photographed — a man cruelly battered by life, but seemingly invincible.’ (Karsh)
During the 1920s, Hemingway lived in Paris, where he knew fellow-American expatriates Ezra Pound and Gertrude Stein, and worked as a journalist before publishing short stories and then novels. The disillusionment of the post-war ‘lost generation’ fuelled his novels, of which A Farewell to Arms (1929) is a good example. His later novels show the strength and dignity of the human spirit and he portrayed characters such as soldiers, hunters and bullfighters whose courage and honesty are set against the brutal ways of modern society, and who, in this confrontation, lose all hope and faith. His best known novels are For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) and The Old Man and the Sea (1952). He committed suicide in 1961.