DETAIL : Jackson POLLOCK United States of America 1912 � 1956 Blue poles: Number 11, 1952 1952 enamel and aluminium paint with glass on canvas
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Andy WARHOL | Electric chair
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Andy WARHOL
United States of America 1928/1930 – 1987
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Electric chair 1967
synthetic polymer paint screenprinted onto canvas
synthetic polymer paint screenprinted onto canvas
137.2 (h) x 185.1 (w) cm
signed and dated (possibly not in artist's hand) verso u.r., synthetic polymer paint, "Andy Warhol 67"
Purchased 1977
NGA 1977.795
© Andy Warhol. Licensed by ARS & VISCOPY, Australia
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Biography

Andy Warhola was born on 28 September 1930 in Forest City, Pennsylvania. He graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, in1948, and moved to New York soon afterwards. There he began using his preferred name, Andy Warhol, and worked as a commercial artist. After abandoning a successful career as a commercial artist and illustrator in 1960, Warhol began to make paintings based on the imagery of labels from commercial products. By 1962 he had suppressed painterly handling but continued to execute advertising images by hand in imitation of impersonal mass production. Shortly afterwards he turned to silk-screening photographs. He showed his Campbell soup can paintings at the Ferus Gallery, Los Angeles, in 1962, and was also included in 'The New Realists' exhibition at the Sidney Janis Gallery, New York. Also in 1962, in his first New York show at the Stable Gallery, he exhibited his Campbell soup cans and Coke bottles, and images of Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley. The exhibition created a scandal. Warhol began making films in 1963. By 1964 he was exhibiting his work abroad - in an exhibition at Galerie Ileana Sonnabend, Paris, and in various shows of Pop art which toured Europe in the early 1960s. In 1968 the Moderna Museet, Stockholm staged a retrospective exhibition of his work. A number of museum exhibitions followed, notably at the Pasadena Museum of Art in 1970 which toured American and European cities, followed in 1976 by a retrospective organised by the Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, which toured other European centres. Warhol died in New York on 22 February 1987.

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