Anni Albers in Josef and Anni Albers' studio, Connecticut, 1969
Gift of Kenneth Tyler 2002
Photographer: William CRUTCHFIELD

Born Annelise Fleischmann in Berlin in 1899, Anni Albers studied art at the Kunstgewerbeschule (School of Applied Art) in Hamburg, before enrolling at the Bauhaus in 1922. In 1925 she married fellow Bauhaus student Josef Albers. When the school was closed by the Nazis in 1933, the pair relocated to the United States and worked as teachers at Black Mountain College. Anni was a member of the weaving workshop at the Bauhaus and drew inspiration from the Andean weavings of ancient Peru; after her arrival in the US, weavings gathered on annual trips to Mexico became a new source of inspiration. In 1965 Albers published the seminal On weaving.

Albers first collaborated with Kenneth Tyler at Gemini GEL in 1970. Albers used the base motif of a triangle in repetition to create an image of great structural power. In 1978, Albers worked at Tyler Graphics to create the series of six white embossed prints, Mountainous. The grid-like structure recalls a woven object, with line rather than thread employed to carry meaning.
Emilie Owens

Chronology
 

1899
Born in Berlin, Germany

1916–19
Studies art under Martin Brandenburg

1920
Studies at Kunstgewerbeschule School of Applied Art, Hamburg, Germany

1922–30
Studies at Bauhaus, Weimar, Germany under Georg Muche, Johannes Itten, Gunta Stölzl, and Paul Klee; receiving diploma in 1930

1923
Participates in the first Bauhaus exhibition, decorating Haus am Horn with textiles

1925
Marries Josef Albers; Bauhaus relocates to Dessau, Germany

1930–33
Part-time instructor, Bauhaus weaving workshop

1933
Emigrates to United States of America

1933–49
Assistant Professor of Art, Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina

1934
Travels to Havana, Cuba, where Josef Albers delivers lecture

1935
Travels to Mexico, the first of fourteen trips to the nation, and begins collecting Pre-Colombian art

1937
Included in exhibition Bauhaus 1919–1928, Museum of Modern Art, New York City, New York

1939
Becomes citizen of the United States of America

1940
Begins making and exhibiting framed weavings on linen base

1946
Included in travelling exhibition Modern handmade jewellery originating at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City

1949
Travelling exhibition, Anni Albers: textiles, originating at Museum of Modern Art, New York City

1950
Moves to New Haven, Connecticut; undertakes commission to furnish the Harvard Law School building designed by Walter Gropius

1953
Solo exhibition, at Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut

1954
Solo exhibition, at Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii

1957
Receives commission to furnish Temple Emanu-El, New York City, notably her first commission to furnish a synagogue

1959
Travelling exhibition, Anni Albers pictorial weavings, originating at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; publishes On designing (Pellango Press: New Haven), which collates her published articles on textile design

1960
Solo exhibition, at Contemporary Art Museum, Houston, Texas

1961
Receives American Institute of Architects Gold Medal in the field of craftsmanship

1963
Begins printmaking at Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Los Angeles

1964
Receives fellowship to Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Los Angeles, California; completes portfolio of seven lithographs entitled Line Involvements

1965
Writes On weaving (Wesleyan University Press: Middletown), which wins the Decorative Arts Book Award Citation

1966
Receives commission for tapestry for the Jewish Museum, New York City

1970
Writes Pre-Columbian Mexican miniatures: the Josef and Anni Albers collection, (Praeger: New York); completes editions of TR I, TR II and TR III at Gemini G.E.L., Los Angeles

1971
Included in exhibition, Technics and creativity: Gemini G.E.L., at Museum of Modern Art, New York City

1972
Receives honorary doctorate in Fine Arts from Maryland Institute College of Art, Baltimore

1975
Travelling exhibition, at the Kunstmuseum, Düsseldorf, West Germany and Bauhaus-Archiv, Berlin

1976
Completes Triangulated intaglio series of etchings with aquatint at Tyler Graphics Ltd., Bedford Village, New York; receives honorary doctorate Philadelphia College of Art

1977
Retrospective exhibition, Anni Albers: drawings and prints, at Brooklyn Museum, New York City; included in exhibition, Art off the picture press, at Emily Lowe Gallery, Hofstra University, Hampstead, New York

1978
Completes Mountainous I-VI series of embossings and Second movement I-VI series of etchings with aquatint at Tyler Graphics Ltd., Bedford Village,

1979
Receives honorary doctorate from University of Hartford, Connecticut

1981
Receives American Craft Council Gold Medal

1984
Included in exhibition, Prints from Tyler Graphics, at Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota

1985
Travelling retrospective exhibition, The woven and graphic art of Anni Albers,at Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC

1989
Exhibition, Josef and Anni Albers, at Villa Stuck Museum, Munich, Germany

1990
Exhibition, Anni Albers. Gunta Stolzl, at Museum of Modern Art, New York City; honorary doctorate from the Royal College of Art, London, United Kingdom

1994
Anni Albers died in Orange, Connecticut

Barbara Delano © Tyler Graphics Ltd., revised Kate Buckingham, 2006
This chronology provides an overview of selected biographical information, major solo and group exhibitions held within the artist's own lifetime.

Further information will be added to this site as the National Gallery proceeds with its research and documentation.

Last updated April 2014