"Anthony Caro painting ""Paper sculpture #114"" in the studio at Tyler Graphics Ltd., Bedford Village, New York, 1981
Gift of Kenneth Tyler 2002
Photographer: Lindsay GREEN"

The knighted English sculptor Sir Anthony Caro has completed two projects at Tyler Graphics. He was born in England in 1924, and after completing his studies at the Royal Academy Schools in London, became Henry Moore’s assistant. Moore’s influence saw Caro begin to work in an Abstract, Modernist manner and he continued to develop this style throughout his career. Caro’s sculptures are usually executed on a large scale, but his oeuvre also includes a variety of small works, including those made at Tyler Graphics.

In 1982 Caro created a series of 124 paper relief sculptures, and he returned in 1993 to complete a further series of 35 paper sculptures. In collaboration with Kenneth Tyler and other workshop staff, Caro created these sculptures from paper pulp, plaster, and other materials. The resulting works are delicate explorations of the sculptural qualities of Tyler’s unique handmade papers. They provide a stark contrast to Caro’s usual work in steel and other industrial materials.
Emilie Owens

Chronology
 

1924
Born in New Malden, Surrey, England

1942–44
Attends Cambridge University residing at Christ’s College; obtains Masters in Engineering; during holidays attends classes at Farnham School of Art, Surrey

1944–46
Serves in Fleet Air Arm of Royal Navy

1946–47
Studies sculpture under Geoffrey Deeley at Regent Street Polytechnic, London, England

1947–52
Attends Royal Academy Schools, London

1951–53
Works as part-time assistant to sculptor Henry Moore, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire

1956
First solo exhibition at Galleria del Naviglio, Milan, Italy

1958
Included in exhibition, Three young English artists at Venice biennale, Italy

1959
Wins sculpture prize at Paris biennale of Young Artists, Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, France; visits United States of America for the first time on Ford Foundation English Speaking Union Grant

1960
Makes first abstract sculptures in steel

1963–65
Teaches at Bennington College, Bennington, Vermont

1966
Included in exhibition, Five young British artists at Venice biennale, receives David E Bright Sculpture Prize

1967
Included in travelling exhibition, Guggenheim international exhibition, 1967: sculpture from twenty nations, originating at Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York City, New York; retrospective exhibition at Rjksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo, The Netherlands

1968
Included in Ways of contemporary research at the Venice biennale, included in exhibition, Kenneth Noland, Morris Louis, and Anthony Caro, at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City; 30th annual exhibition, Contemporary Art Society of New South Wales, Blaxland Gallery, Sydney, Australia

1969
Appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire; exhibits in the British Section of Biennial of São-Paulo, Brazil

1974
Works at York Steel Co., Toronto, Canada

1975
Retrospective exhibition, Anthony Caro, originates at Museum of Modern Art, New York City

1977
Retrospective exhibition, at Tel Aviv Museum, Israel, travelling to Australia, New Zealand and Germany

1982
Completes 124 paper sculptures at Tyler Graphics Ltd., Bedford Village, New York

1984
Travelling exhibition, Serpentine Gallery, London; included in travelling exhibition, Artistic collaboration in the twentieth century, originating at Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC

1987
Awarded Knight of the British Empire, Queen’s Birthday Honours

1988
Included in exhibition, Twentieth century paintings and sculpture: selections for the tenth anniversary of the east building, at National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

1990
Retrospective exhibition, at Musée des Beaux Arts, Calais, France

1992
Included in travelling exhibition, Innovation in collaborative printmaking: Kenneth Tyler: 1963–1992, originating at Yokohama Museum of Art, Japan; awarded Praemium Imperiale Award for sculpture, Tokyo; retrospective exhibition, at Trajan Market, Rome, Italy

1993
Completes 35 paper sculptures at Tyler Graphics Ltd., Mount Kisco, New York, using papers handmade at TGL and other paper products

1994
Retrospective exhibition, at Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan

1996
Exhibition, Caro and Olitzki: masters of abstraction draw the figure, at New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting, and Sculpture, New York City; included in exhibition, A century of English sculpture, at Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France

1997
Receives Lifetime Achievement Award from International Sculpture Centre

1998
Solo exhibition, Caro – sculpture from painting at National Gallery, London

1999
Exhibits The last judgement at Venice biennale

2000
Completes commission for Millennium Bridge, London, with architect Sir Norman Foster and engineer Chris Wise; completes sculpture, Book of Eden, at Tyler Graphics Ltd., Mount Kisco, New York; included in exhibition, Encounters, at National Gallery, London; receives Order of Merit from HM Queen Elizabeth

2001
Travelling solo exhibition, Anthony Caro: a sculptor's development, originating at Lewes Town Hall, Sussex, England; solo exhibition, Caro at Longside: sculpture and sculptitecture, at Longside Gallery, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, England

2002
Solo exhibition, Anthony Caro: drawing in space - sculptures from 1964 to 1988 and The Last Judgement, at Gaudi's 'La Pedrera' building, Barcelona, Spain; included in travelling exhibition, Blast to freeze: British art of the 20th century, originating at Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg, Germany

2004
80th birthday marked with display of Sculpture two outside Tate Britain and exhibitions all over the world, including Artemis Greenberg van Doren and Garth Clark Gallery in New York, C Grimaldis Gallery in Baltimore, Galerie Josine Bokhoven in Amsterdam and Galerie Daniel Templon in Paris; included in exhibition, The Kenneth E Tyler gift, at Tate Modern, London

2005
Retrospective exhibition, at Tate Britain, London; Caro in focus, at Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon

2006
Included in exhibition, 60: sixty years of sculpture, at Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, England

2008
Opening of Chapel of Light, at Church of St. Jean Baptiste, Bourbourg, France, accompanied by three retrospective exhibitions held simultaneously at Musée des Beaux Arts et de la Dentelle, Calais,  Musée du Dessin et de l'Estampe Originale, Gravelines, Lieu d'Art et Action Contemporain, Dunkirk, as well as exhibitions in Angers, Paris and Lille; solo exhibition, Anthony Caro: portraits, at National Portrait Gallery, London; included in exhibition, British sculptors' drawings: Moore to Gormley, at British Museum, London

2009
Joint retrospective with Eduardo Paolozzi at The Lightbox, Woking, Surrey, England

2010
Travelling solo exhibition, Caro: the figure, originating at Royal Society of British Sculptors, London

2011
Solo exhibition, Anthony Caro on the roof, at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; included in exhibition, Modern British sculpture, at Royal Academy of Art, London

2012
Designs first ever UK Gold Kilo coin for the Royal Mint to mark London Olympics

2013
Anthony Caro died in London, England

Barbara Delano © Tyler Graphics Ltd., revised Kate Buckingham, 2006; revised Julia Greenstreet, 2013

This chronology provides an overview of selected biographical information, major solo and group exhibitions held within the artist's own lifetime.

Further information will be added to this site as the National Gallery proceeds with its research and documentation.

Last updated December 2014