The Workshops

Images top to bottom:

Kenneth Tyler inking Josef Albers' 'White line squares' lithograph, assisted by Jim Webb at Gemini Ltd., Los Angeles, California, 1966. Unknown photographer

David Hockney, Wind from the Weather series, 1973

Melrose Avenue, Los Angeles, California

In 1965 Tyler decided to risk everything to set up a custom printing house of his own. He and then wife Kay established the first of Tyler’s workshops – Gemini Ltd – in the back room of a frame shop on Melrose Avenue, Los Angeles. It was here that Tyler worked with David Hockney for the first time, on the series A Hollywood collection. The Melrose Avenue workshop was, at this stage, a print workshop and not a publishing house, so the series was published in London by Editions Alecto.

In 1966 Tyler took on two partners – Stanley Grinstein and Sidney B Felsen – and the modest operation became a print publishing house: Gemini Graphic Editions Ltd, or Gemini GEL. Josef Albers’ seminal White line squares was the first edition to be published by Gemini GEL, and set the standard for what was to come: Robert Rauschenberg’s Booster, which at the time of its production in 1967 was the largest print ever made; three-dimensional multiples by Claes Oldenburg, Jasper Johns and Roy Lichtenstein; two iconic David Hockney series and Weather; and the first prints of Frank Stella. Gemini GEL quickly earned a reputation for its embrace of technology and in 1971 was celebrated in the exhibition Technics and creativity: selections from Gemini GEL at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

Gemini GEL continues to operate out of Los Angeles. In 2005 the workshop in conjunction with the National Gallery of Art, Washington, published an online catalogue raisonne documenting all prints produced from 1966–2005: nga.gov/gemini/home.htm

Further information will be added to this site as the National Gallery proceeds with its research and documentation.

Last updated October 2014