DETAIL : COLOGNE SCHOOL Germany Virgin and Child with Saints [Triptych of the Virgin and Child with Saints (left panel) Virgin and Child with Saints (left panel)]
Introduction | American Art | European Art | Provenance Research
Alexandra EXTER | L'Homme réclame [Publicity man]
Click to enlarge
Alexandra EXTER
Ukraine 1882 – France 1949
View Biography
L'Homme réclame
[Publicity man]
collage on cardboard and wood, cotton, string, book cloth, copper, sequins, steel tacks and eyelets
66.5 (h) x 23.0 (w) x 10.6 (d) cm
not signed, not dated
Purchased 1977
NGA 1977.11.2
View: Previous | Provenance | Exhibitions | Literature | Discussion |

Alexandra Exter (née Grigorovich) was born on 6 January 1882 in Belestock, near Kiev, Russia. She studied at the Kiev Art School, graduating in 1906. In 1908 she travelled to Paris to complete her studies, attending classes at the Académie de la Grade Chaumière. She married that year, and exhibited for the first time at the exhibition 'Sovremennye techenia' (New trends) in St Petersburg, under her married name, Exter. She continued to travel, visiting Paris and other major centres, becoming familiar with the most advanced art movements of the time, Cubism and Futurism. Exter exhibited regularly, both at home and abroad, contributing to the 'Bubnovyi valet' (Jack of Diamonds) exhibitions held in Moscow between 1910 and 1917, the Salon des Independants in 1912 and 1914 in Paris. She returned to Moscow at the start of the First World War and participated in the important exhibitions 'Tramvai V. Pervaia futuristicheskaia vystavka kartin' (Tramway V: First Futurist Exhibition of Paintings) in Petrograd in 1915, and 'Magazin' (The Store) held in 1916. She also began working with Alexander Tairov's Kamerny Theatre, designing costumes and sets for Famira Kifared in 1916, Salomé in 1917, and Romeo and Juliet in 1921. In 1918 Exter opened her own teaching studio in Kiev and in 1921 she was teaching at the Moscow vkhutemas. Her work was included in the group exhibition 'Erste Russische Kunstausstellung' (First Russian Art Exhibition) at the Van Diemen Gallery, Berlin, in 1922. In 1923 she began work with Isaak Rabinovich on sets and costumes for the film Aelita. The following year she emigrated to Paris, earning a meagre living by teaching, including a stint at Fernand Léger's Académie d'Art Contemporain in 1925, working on theatre design and children's books. She died in poverty and obscurity on 17 March 1949 in Fontenay-aux-Roses, near Paris.

View: Previous | Provenance | Exhibitions | Literature | Discussion |
Introduction | American Art | European Art | Provenance Research